The following statements were made by leading figures involved in the
Vietnamese conflict. Match the quotations below with the author (more than
one quotation can be attributed to the same individual.)
"I would like to see American students develop as much fanaticism about the
U.S. political system as young Nazis did about their system during the war."
"For years now in Southeast Asia, the only people who have been doing
anything about the little man at the grass roots -- to lift him up -- have
been the Communists."
"The C.I.A. has employed some South Vietnamese and they have been instructed
to claim they are Vietcong and to work accordingly... Several of these
executed two village leaders and raped some women."
"Do you think those (American) demonstrations were organized by some fine
little social club? They were organized by an international apparatus; 95
per cent of the demonstrators are no more Communists than you and I, but the
International Communist movement organized it and masterminded it."
"The fever chart of every successful revolution… reveals a rising
temperature of terrorism and counter-terrorism, but this does not of itself
Invalidate the legitimate goals that fired the original revolution. Most
political revolutions -- including our own -- have been buoyed by outside
aid in men, weapons and ideas."
" ...The Communists are closer to the people's yearning for social justice
and an independent life than (my) own government."
"The major part of the U.S. military task can be completed by the end of
1965, although there may be a continuing requirement for a limited number of
U.S. training personnel."
"I have only one (hero): Hitler."
John F Kennedy
Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge
Premier Nguyen Cao Ky
Senator Stephen Young of Ohio
Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara
7) Vice-President Hubert H. Humphrey
President Lyndon B. Johnson
Ho Chi Minh
Free elections are a major issue in South Vietnam today. The earliest time
at which free elections were (are) supposed to take place was (is):
sometime in 1966
3. Which of the following accurately describe(s) the cause(s)
of unrest in South Vietnam after 1956?
Saigon dissolved elected village councils and replaced them with appointed,
often corrupt officials, many of whom were not from the villages they
Saigon took land from farmers who had seized it during the war with the
French (1946-54), and returned it to the former landlords who restored land
Saigon cracked down on political dissidents.
From 1954 to 1956, the Saigon government gained substantial support and
restored the economy to prosperity. Seeing no other way to gain control of
South Vietnam, the North Vietnamese government ordered its agents in the
South to begin a campaign of terror.
4. Which of the following statements about military operations in
Vietnam is (are) true?
(A) American counter-insurgency forces arrived in South Vietnam as
early as 1955.
(B) South Vietnamese and American soldiers have infiltrated North
(C) About three-quarters of the infiltrators from North Vietnam into
South Vietnam from 1959 through 1964 were native Southerners.
(D) In South Vietnam "anti-Diem guerrillas were active long before
infiltrated North Vietnamese elements joined the fray."
5. According to Mike Mansfield, majority leader of the Senate, there
are 230,000 Viet Cong troops inside South Viet Nam -- of whom 73,000 are
main force regulars including 14,000 North Vietnamese people’s army men.
Using these figures, what percentage of the total Viet Cong force is made up
of North Vietnamese People's Army men?
6. There were approximately 540,000 South Vietnamese in all branches
of the Saigon government's fighting forces in 1965. About how many South
Vietnamese deserted during 1965?
The statement below is part of an editorial entitled "What Kind of War is
"It is hard to disagree with President Johnson's announced aims in
Vietnam. He has proclaimed those traditional goals for which Americans
have always been prepared to fight ... yet something new and ugly is
happening in the way we fight for those goals. It began, perhaps, with the
decision to drop bombs and napalm on communist-dominated peasant villages,
killing and maiming the people we profess to defend from aggression … A
Buddhist monastery wrecked by bombs ... at least two monks killed, 10
injured ... South Vietnamese troops beat and torture prisoners ... U.S.
Marines, under sniper attack, set a number of peasant villages afire with
grenades and flame throwers … In one case, a woman and four
children are found burned to death in the wreckage ... It used to
be axiomatic that there could be no victory in Vietnam without the
support of the Vietnamese people ...Our commitment to the people of South
Vietnam is a commitment to protect them, not to destroy them in the name
of the 'Free World.’”
This statement appeared on the editorial pages of:
The Communist "Worker";
"The Marine Reservist";
The Students for a Democratic Society "New Left Notes";
"The Saturday Evening Post"
American planes on bombing missions in South Vietnam are sometimes unable
to drop their bombs on specified targets. However, before returning to
base, they must jettison their bomb loads. They are authorized to drop
these bombs in a "Free Bomb Zone." A free bomb zone is:
Sufficiently far out in the ocean so that noncombatants will not be
An unpopulated jungle area where ample warnings have been posted;
An area in which any structure or movement can be bombed because the
population is presumed to be "hostile" and therefore destroyable.
The number of South Vietnamese civilian deaths caused by American and
South Vietnamese military operations is:
109 (from August 1, 1965 through March 1, 1966);
about 14,000 in January-February 1966 alone;
none since only "hard-core Vietcong" are killed by American military
probably twice the number of Vietcong killed.
Chemical crop destruction will have the following predictable effects on
Enemy military operations will be severely hampered by logistic shortages;
Death from starvation will occur -- first of all in young children and the
Adult men are the least likely and last to suffer disease and death.
The war in South Vietnam is supposed to be part of our policy to contain
Communist Chinese aggression. How many Communist Chinese troops are
actively engaged in combat in Vietnam?
The American Government claims that a main legal basis for fighting in
Vietnam is our obligation under the mutual security clause of the South
East Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO). The co-signees
of the SEATO Pact are France, Pakistan, Philippines, New Zealand, Britain,
Thailand, and Australia.
Of the approximately 850,000 troops fighting on the side of the Saigon
government, how many come from SEATO countries other than the U.S.?
More than 100,000;
Less than 5.000;
The American government often denounces Communist terrorism. This
terrorism is given as a reason why the U.S. must never accept a Communist
government in South Vietnam.
In recent months, three hundred thousand persons have been slaughtered in
one of the following countries, yet the U.S. has failed to make a public
statement opposing this violence. Which country?
Which of the following American military heroes have, in the past, warned
against committing a large number of American troops to a land war on the
Gen. Douglas McArthur;
Pres Dwight D. Eisenhower;
Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway;
Gen. Maxwell Taylor;
Gen. James Gavin;
Gen. Omar Bradley.
One of the main obstacles to negotiations has been the American
disagreement with Hanoi's insistence that the Vietnamese settle their
internal affairs "in accordance with the program of the National
Liberation Front of South Viet Nam (Viet Cong)." Which of the following
points are contained in the NLF program?
The establishment of "a government of national and democratic union ...
composed of representatives of all social classes, of all nationalities,
of all religions ..."
"Implement essential democratic liberties: freedom of opinion, of press,
of assembly, of movement, of trade unionism; freedom of religion without
discrimination; and the right of all patriotic organizations of whatever
political tendency to carry on normal activities."
"Elect a new National Assembly through universal suffrage."
"Support the national bourgeoisie in the reconstruction and development of
crafts and industry."
"By negotiation and on the basis of fair prices, repurchase for
distribution to landless peasants or peasants with insufficient land,
those surplus lands that the owners of large estates will be made to
relinquish if their domain exceeds a certain limit, to be determined
according to regional particularities."
"Overthrow the camouflaged colonial regime of the American imperialists
Which of the following statements about the willingness of the North
Vietnamese to negotiate are accurate?
The North Vietnamese only began to show some interest in negotiation
after we began bombing them;
There have been seven documented offers to negotiate by the North
Vietnamese since September 1964;
"I must say that candor compels me to tell you that there has not been the
slightest indication that the other side is interested in negotiations or
in unconditional discussion although the United States has made some dozen
separate attempts to bring them about." (President Johnson's speech. July
The North Vietnamese have maintained that any negotiations must include
the prior recognition of the Communist Chinese regime by the American
The North Vietnamese and the National Liberation Front have maintained
that the ultimate withdrawal of foreign troops be accepted as the basis of
negotiation, but that such withdrawal does not have to precede
If the approximately $13 billion the U. S. is expending this year to
prosecute the war in Viet Nam were distributed equally among the South
Vietnamese people, how much would each receive?
In order to be a conscientious objector (C.O.) to military service in the
United States, you must.
Believe in God;
Belong to a recognized church;
Be against the use of force in any situation;
Serve two years in a civilian hospital;
None of the above.